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SMALLER CANNABINOIDS

CBN

Cannabinol (CBN)

Cannabinol, or CBN, is what tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) will break down into overtime due to exposure to oxygen, UV light, or heat. After breaking down CBN will become only mildly psychoactive, inducing little to no psychoactive effects. However, just because this cannabinoid isn’t very psychoactive doesn’t mean it isn’t potent.

What Are The Possible CBN’s Effects and Benefits?

CBN, offers a unique profile of effects and benefits that have researchers buzzing for more scientific investigation. CBN is the strongest cannabinoid identified for promoting sleep, which makes cannabis rich in CBN an ideal treatment for insomnia. Indica strains appear to have more CBN than Sativa strains, which would explain the commonly held belief that indicas make you sleepy and give you a body high. According to Steep Hill Labs, 5mg of CBN is as effective as 10mg dose of diazepam, a mild pharmaceutical sedative. For those of you who rely on cannabis to resolve a night of tossing and turning, a little CBN would might do you some good. CBN is a CB2 and CB1 receptor agonist (a chemical that binds to a receptor and activates the receptor to produce a biological response).

“5mg of CBN is as effective as 10mg dose of diazepam” – Steep Hill Labs

Other POSSIBLE benefits of CBN include:

  • Analgesic – Relieves pain.
  • Anti-Insomnia – Aids with sleep.
  • Bone Stimulant – Promotes bone growth by stimulating osteocytes.
  • Antibacterial – Slows bacterial growth.
  • Anti-inflammatory – Reduces inflammation systemically.
  • Anti-Epileptic – Reduces seizures and convulsions.
  • Appetite Stimulant – CBN appears to be a mild appetite stimulant.
  • Anti-Emetic – Reduces vomiting and nausea.
  • Anti-Proliferative – Inhibits cancer cell growth.

Where Can I Find CBN?

CBN is a product of THC degradation, so as THC oxidizes, it converts to CBN. Heat expedites this conversion through a process known as decarboxylation. Aged, poorly stored cannabis is likely to have higher levels of CBN than fresh flower in an air-tight container, and improperly cured cannabis has also been linked to higher amounts of CBN.

CBN-rich products are already on the way. Oils, edibles, capsules, and patches with pronounced CBN profiles are rare, but their proliferation will undoubtedly grow with the changing attitudes toward cannabis. Until then, look for lab-tested flowers and concentrates exhibiting high CBN levels. Speak to anyone of FARM’s knowledgable budtenders for dosing information, and other CBN alternatives.

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CBC (Cannabichromene)

Additional Information

Cannabichromene (CBC)

Cannabichromene, or CBC, doesn’t get a lot of praise or attention, but it has shown to have profound benefits. Similar to cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), CBC stems from the all-important cannabigerol acid (CBGa). From there, enzymes cause it to convert into or cannabichromene carboxylic acid (CBCa). In this case of CBCa, it passes through the CBC synthase (the enzymes that gets the specific process underway).  Over time, or if exposed to heat CBCa with break down and become cannabichromene, through a process known as decarboxylation.

CBC is effective in a range of POSSIBLE benefits which include:

  • Antimicrobial – CBC Fights Bacteria and Fungi. It exhibits “strong” antibacterial effects on a variety of gram-positive, gram-negative and acid-fast bacteria; CBC shows “mild to moderate” activity against different types of fungi too.
  • Anti-Viral – It may play a role in the anti-viral effects of cannabis.
  • Anti-inflammatory Properties – CBC can reduce edema (swelling) as well as inflammation of the intestinal tract. CBC appears to fight inflammation without activating cannabinoid receptors, CBC produces a stronger effect when combined with other cannabinoids.
  • Analgesic – Reduces pain, although it is not as strong as THC. CBC contributes to the overall analgesic effects of cannabis. CBC fights pain by “interacting with several targets involved in the control of pain” at the spinal level. CBC is non-psychoactive, scientists are hopeful that these cannabis compounds can be used to treat pain – without the high.
  • Anti-Depressant– It fights depression. CBC and a number of other cannabinoids may “contribute to the overall mood-elevating properties of cannabis.” It doesn’t seem to activate the same pathways in the brain as THC.
  • Stimulates Brain Growth – CBC appeared to increase the viability of developing brain cells – a process known as neurogenesis.
  • Anti-Proliferative – inhibits the growth of cancerous tumours. This could be a result of its interaction with anandamide (an endocannabinoid, which means our body produces it naturally). It affects the CB1 receptors, as well as the CB2 receptors, and has been found to fight against human breast cancer. CBC inhibits the uptake of anandamide, which allows it to stay in the bloodstream longer.
  • Migraines – CBC has also been a successful remedy for migraines.

Where Can I Find CBC?

CBC is a minor cannabinoid that can be found in the cannabis plant which makes it difficult to obtain in large quantities. Generally, CBC is found in only tropical strains of cannabis. At FARM all forms of phoenix tears will have CBC, more specifically, the Viridesco Phoenix Tears, and the Medibloom: Lyme Aid Phoenix Tears contain a tested CBC amounts. Speak to anyone of FARM’s knowledgable budtenders for dosing information, and other CBC alternatives.

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